Gynecomastia treatment options are getting more and more popular due to the ever increasing number of men who have gynecomastia. It is estimated that approximately 17 million men in the United States have gynecomastia in one of the four grades. Discussing about breast enlargement used to be taboo but these days, more and more men including celebrities are openly talking about their struggle with gynecomastia. We will take a look at the various gynecomastia treatment options available as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
Gynecomastia is breast enlargement in adult men caused by excessive growth of breast tissue behind and around the areola (nipple). How this breast tissue growth happens is a bit more complex. It starts with an abnormal level of estrogen in the male body caused by carried over estrogen from puberty, a pre-existing medical condition, as a side-effect of medications or drug abuse amongst others. Once there is a high abnormal level of estrogen, it signals the body to reduce the male hormone testosterone. High estrogen levels will also make the body retain more fat in the chest and in the abdomen. Chest fat then secrets an enzyme called aromatase that converts testosterone to estrogen. So in effect, chest fat then becomes a secondary gland that produces estrogen. On one side you have reduced estrogen production and on the other side, you have increased estrogen production and this causes excessive levels of estrogen. This excessive levels of the female hormone estrogen signals the body to develop feminine features, the most visible of is breast tissue growth or gynecomastia.